Leslie's Guiding History Site

Subtitle

The World Centres

Our Chalet

During the early years of Guiding, the movement was entirely centred in the UK.  There was some logic to this - after all, London was the city in which the founder of the movement had been born and continued to live, and Britain was the country where Guiding was created and first established.  When the initial international committees were founded they were naturally dominated by experienced British Leaders, and thus business was done mainly in Britain, and in English.


Before long, Guiding developed in other countries.  Some people took Guiding abroad with them, others translated the early handbooks - and there was soon a lively interchange of written correspondence, and much practical use made of visiting trainers from the UK travelling for extended periods to spread Guiding in the Countries which were taking it up.  Although World War I provided some interruption to this process, the establishment of Foxlease as a permanent training centre, followed by the first World Camp which was held there in 1924, confirmed Guiding's international footing.  But - Foxlease belonged to Britain, and other headquarters and training centres each belonged to their respective countries - so there was a growing desire to have a building which belonged equally to all the Countries in the Guiding family, not just to one.  The mythical 'Castle in Spain'.  As so often, though it was lovely to dream of such a house, the practical questions such as where to build such a house, and  especially how to fund it, especially at a time when the world economic climate was extremely adverse, were both problems which kept the idea as merely a pipe dream discussed annually at the annual meetings without any real sign of it being possible, for several years.  It was back on the agenda once again at the World Committee meeting held in the Netherlands in 1929, and all were still agreed that it would be wonderful if it could only be done, the problem was they hadn't the means, nor was it clear where it should be . . .


It took someone who could solve both problems, to get things moving.  Helen Storrow from the USA shared the dream with the others - but she was able to play 'fairy godmother' and she offered to provide all the money to pay for an international Guide house - provided it was located in Switzerland.  Given Switzerland's long tradition of political neutrality, it's good transport links, and it's position in central Europe - and the willingness of the Swiss Association to support it's presence - the funding was a welcome present, and there was no disagreement with her terms.  As so often, however, solving one problem brings another - whereabouts in Switzerland?


There were a lot of things that people wanted of this dream 'world house'.  They wanted it to bring inspiration and world friendship.  So Mrs Storrow, and a Swiss Leader, Ida von Herrenschwand (often known as Falk) set out to try and find such an inspiring location in June 1930.  They visited many places before Mrs Storrow fell in love with a beautiful location near the town of Aeschi.  However Falk had doubts about the site - she agreed it was a beautiful spot where one might find serenity and inspiration - but recalled that in her youth her enthusiasms were more for outdoor sports such as hiking and skiing, rather than for admiring beauty - and Aeschi was a long way from the real mountain areas where hiking was available, and too low-lying for winter sports either.  At the next World Conference Mrs Storrow presented her findings and photographs, and the location was admired, but it was soon noticed by the Chair, Robert Baden-Powell, that during the presentation Mrs Storrow had done all the talking about their exploration and it's results, and Falk herslef had not commented.  When he directly asked for her opinion, though uncomfortable, she had no choice, so gave it - at which point the chair, Robert Baden-Powell advised that if she felt this location was not perfect, then she should set out again, and seek the place that was.  Armed with a long wish list from the committee, Falk set out on a further search, and found her spot at Adelboden, which offered both peace for the soul, and outdoor adventure for the sporty.  She quickly telegraphed back, and in June 1931 the World Committee gathered in Adelboden to inspect the site.  They celebrated finding their location with a tea party.  Building work commenced, and soon an extra challenge - Mrs Storrow decided she wanted to have a mini chalet built next to the new building.  In spite of the extra work the architects coped, and on 31 July 1932 Our Chalet was formally opened by Olave Baden-Powell and Helen Storrow.  Falk was appointed as first Guider in Charge, and Our Chalet became a recognised international meeting place for Girl Guides and Girl Scouts.  During World War II it closed to regular guests, but nevertheless played an important role in helping to reunite refugees who had managed to gain entry to Switzerland, through it's international connections.  As soon as war in Europe ended it resumed it's role again in welcoming the Guides of the world.  In the decades since further buildings have been added on site, to cope with the increasing numbers of visitors, both the many groups of day visitors who arrive throughout the year, and the lucky few who can have a chance to stay in the Chalet itself.

Our Ark/Olave House/Pax Lodge

Although the World Association was headquartered in London, and the World Bureau was established there in the early 1930s, it soon became apparent that a further building in London would be required - the World Bureau regularly received requests from Guiding people looking for accommodation in the London headquarters building which they could not fulfil, so during the World Committee meeting in July 1937 it was agreed that a World Centre in London would fill the need, and that it should take the form of a Guide hostel, to host visitors to the 'home of Guiding' .  As the World Bureau also needed more space, a building which could house both would be the ideal solution - but it came down to that age-old problem, money.  So a 'Pennies Appeal' was launched across all WAGGGS member countries, on the basis that if every member could send a penny each on Thinking Day, it would raise enough to purchase a building.  Soon there was enough money to buy a former hotel, 11-13 Palace Street in London, with one house to serve as the World Bureau, and the other two to form the new World Centre, to be named "Our Ark".  On 2 May 1939, the second World Centre was ready and the Lady Mayoress of London performed the opening ceremony.  But already war clouds had long been gathering, and Our Ark was to perform a more vital role even than envisaged.  For the coming of war only four months later brought Guide refugees from various countries in Europe, and throughout the war these refugee Guides, known as "Golondrinas" (swallows) were provided with a home and a base in "Our Ark" during their temporary stay in Britain.


During the 1950s the number of visitors steadily increased, and both the World Bureau and World Centre were outgrowing their space.  At the World Conference in Brazil in 1957 it was decided to appeal to all members to raise the money to house both the World Bureau and Our Ark in a larger premises.  Members from all over the world sponsored bricks, and the British Girl Guides raised the money for the garden.  World Centre premises were found at 45 Longridge Road, formerly a small hotel, however the World Bureau moved elsewhere in London.  In 1963 the new premises in Longridge Road were opened by Olave Baden-Powell, and named "Olave House" in her honour. 


By 1978, numbers were increasing again, and thoughts were turning to a further move.  So the new project formed, and within three years a new site had been found in North London.  However it took time for both fundraising, and for permissions.  So it was, that on 6 May 1989, the fiftieth anniversary of Our Ark and the centenary of Olave Baden-Powell's birth, the foundation stone of Pax Lodge was unveiled by her daughter Betty Clay.  On 15 March 1991 the official opening was carried out by HRH The Princess Benedikte of Denmark.   So the London World Centre is the only one which has existed on three different sites within the one city.

Our Cabana

So there were now two World Centres - but both were in the same continent, Europe.  It was in 1946, at a training session in Cuba, that thoughts turned seriously to the possibility of a World Centre located in the Western Hemisphere.  Options were explored in Cuba, Panama and the USA before a plot of land in Mexico was chosen to house the new World Centre.  The opening ceremony was held in July 1957 by Olave Baden-Powell, who opened the large clue and gold 'Chiefs Doors', and the site was expanded in 1969 with the addition of extra dormitories and a hall. 

Sangam

But as the work to complete the third World Centre was being accomplished, thoughts were also turning to the question of a fourth, in Asia, and at the WAGGGS International Commissioners meeting in New Delhi in 1956 the proposal was put forward, and it was agreed at the World Conference a year later, to build, in India.  In 1963 the building plans were approved at the World Conference, the name Sangam being chosen from the Sanskrit language because it means "coming together".  On 16th October 1966 it was opened by Olave Baden-Powell.

Kusafiri

For many years, there was talk of a fifth World Centre, in Africa.  It was the one major continent which did not have one.  At the Africa Regional Conference in 2010 it was decided to explore options to bring the 'World Centre experience' to Africa in some way, but the difficulty was that no one country could afford to host a permanent building, and it wasn't clear whether a permanent staffed building, in one set location, could pay it's way - so at the World Conference in July 2011 a novel suggestions was made - a 'portable' World Centre which would hold events in different African countries who could choose to host a 'world centre' event.  A two-year pilot war organised, and the results ratified at the 2014 World Conference.  The World Centre has so far been hosted by Ghana, South Africa, Rwanda, Kenya, Nigeria and Benin, and more events are planned.